Before starting your adventure on the Internet and create a website you must stop a few seconds and analyse if your future project meets specific essential requirements to function correctly.
It is not easy; no one likes to have to stop the train of ideas to perform an introspective analysis. However, do not worry! Here I will make a brief tour as possible on the essential issues that you have to take into account.
Go for it!
Taking the first step
If you are entrepreneurship and running a small business and want to incorporate your presence on the internet, maybe you could use a cloud service, VPS, or a managed service that usually go from € 10 to € 100 per month.
Here I will give you a brief screenshot of some issues to consider when it is time to acquire the service from a web hosting provider.
Know your limitations and the help needed
Basic customer service has to provide telephone communication channels and also by emails and tickets. Ideally, you can have 24/7 access to these services, which often does not happen. Moreover, those services if they provide care all the time after hours often have people who address issues related to the basic configuration and are typically system administrators.
Now if you want to free yourself from the whole issue of configurations, setups and others, maybe you might be better served by a managed or managed service. Managed service providers ensure that your system is working optimally and will take into account everything related to security and possible system patches. They can even take care of managing the safeguards of all your information.
What is the (real) traffic you expect?
Web hosting providers offer services based on the amount of information you are going to store (storage) and the amount of data that your site will transmit (bandwidth). If you expect your site to be visited by few people and you do not have much multimedia content, then you would expect a low bandwidth, but if for some reason your website is positioned at the top of Google, or the product you offer for sale is it goes viral then your bandwidth should rise.
The essential thing is to be objective and not exaggerated. If you expect your website to have the local reach to a particular region or core of clients, a low bandwidth is recommended, and it will be rare for you to exceed it. However, if you expect your website to go beyond the limits of low-performance servers, then you should choose dedicated servers or in the cloud.
What type of service suits your needs?
The cheapest type of server is Shared, where a single server can have many web pages. Besides, access to server management is limited. Only access via FTP or SFTP is allowed, you can not access the command line, you have a restricted number of services to use on the server and a limit on the number of databases that can be used.
The next level is Virtual Private Servers (VPS), which is a simulated virtual machine inside a container. There may be many of these virtual machines running on the same container, but their performance is much higher than shared hosting. If you use VPS, you must have adequate knowledge of management and administration of servers.
If you are not interested in sharing resources with other websites then you should consider hiring Dedicated Servers. It is a piece of hardware dedicated exclusively to you. It’s like renting a house, only here you rent a server. For this, you must have knowledge and skills in systems administration.
Maybe you could opt for Cloud Servers (or Cloud), usually these systems run on giant clouds of servers like Amazon Web Services or Microsoft Azure. The providers of these services can offer configurations or services tailored to your requirements. A significant advantage of these systems is that you can scale, that is, extend the characteristics of your servers without problems. You do not need to move files or make special safeguards, only with additional money you can increase the capacity of this type of servers even while your website is working.
Understand the Basic Technical Terms
Web hosting is a technology that, like all of them, has its technical terms that you should know minimally to know what you are acquiring or what you need.
Storage space and RAM
This is the most comfortable terminology to understand. The storage space is the amount of information you can store on the site. Many providers speak of unlimited storage, which although it is technically impossible, in the case of shared servers the websites are usually hard to reach the top, while in VPS or dedicated servers this can be configured at all times.
Another aspect to take into account in the storage space is a very important acronym: SSD. SSD is an acronym that means Solid State Discs; these disks are faster than conventional HDD or hard drives. They are also usually included inexpensive plans or in others that are not shared web hosting.
The RAM, however, is the memory responsible for storing the web server processes and is responsible for accelerating the load times of the websites. It is one of the most important issues when choosing a web server.
Bandwidth and Data Transfer
Bandwidth impacts the performance of your website. It is the amount of data that is uploaded or downloaded from a web page. Also called Data Transfer, and defines how quickly a certain number of people can access your website. The higher the bandwidth will be, the more people can see your site.
Uptime (Online time)
Your website may be offline for several reasons, that is why you need to verify that the online time offered by your hosting provider is a considerably shorter time, since every moment that your website is inaccessible may result in loss of visitors, customers or possible sales. Online time or uptime is usually measured as a percentage. The closer to 100% better. An ideal uptime would exceed 99.9%.
While much of the security goes through the administrator of the website, either by the configuration of your page or by the strength of your passwords. It is essential that the hosting provider offers updated security devices, firewalls or monitoring services. Better still if it offers automation of reservations.
Beware of deceptive offers
While you are looking for web hosting offers you can see that there are some very striking, contributing bandwidth or unlimited storage for a few euros. It would help if you examined the terms and conditions of the contracts (which are usually public) because it is certain that there is a term that allows them to temporarily increase the bandwidth or even block your website after exceeding certain transfer limits. Remember that there is nothing unlimited.
Use free and portable CMS content managers
It usually happens that for a particular time you are confirmed with your hosting provider, but as time goes by, situations change and the need for a migration to another provider usually arrives. That is why you should avoid being attached to any provider either by a particular tool or application or by your entire website.
With free CMS like WordPress you can migrate from a provider without problems (as long as you have a receipt), you only have to take the files from one provider to another and the database. With a couple of modifications, you will have your site migrated and functional in another web hosting provider.
Be the owner of your domain name
A domain name can be defined as; by which your website will be identified on the Internet. This is a different service to the hosting service, although they are usually offered also (sometimes free of charge) with specific plans. Watch out! Because these practices usually tie ownership of the domain to the company where you contract the hosting plan.
It is therefore essential that you be the owner of your domain name. The companies that offer domain in conjunction with plans usually take ownership of the property when they carry out the assignment process. If you do this process separately, in the future, you can change providers without worries.
All types of subdomains are left out of the table (free hosting usually offers them) since there is no possibility of migrating these types of domains to other hosting services.
Choosing the ideal hosting service may seem like a difficult or complicated task. However, following these guidelines, you can get a plan that suits the needs of your application or website.
Do not worry, I’ve been there, and I would have liked someone to advise me like that. If you have not yet taken the first step, take a short time to analyse if the plan you are about to hire is the right one and it will not let you down the road.